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October 26, 2013
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Just for fun I thought I'd do a rundown of the most common forms of humor, their definitions, and examples. This is not a complete list by any means, but they are a list of many forms of humor and literature discourse which often get confused of mixed up.

Parody
An imitative work created to mock, comment on or trivialize an original work, its subject, author, style, or some other target, by means of satiric or ironic imitation.

Example: The movie "Airplane" is a parody of 1970's disaster movies. Many of Weird Al's music videos are parodies of other more famous music videos.

Pastiche
A work of visual art, literature, or music that imitates the style or character of the work of one or more other artists. Unlike parody, pastiche celebrates, rather than mocks, the work it imitates.

Example: The movie "Super 8" is a pastiche of 1980's adventure films, specifically imitating the style of Stephen Spielberg's early career, because it celebrates and embraces the style unironically.

Pastiche and Parody are often confused because they both involve imitation, but the easiest way to distinguish the two is this: Pastiche embraces the imitation through general affection for the source material, whereas Parody is meant to mock and make fun of the source material.

Satire
Satire is a genre of literature, and sometimes graphic and performing arts, in which vices, follies, abuses, and shortcomings are held up to ridicule, ideally with the intent of shaming individuals, corporations, and society itself, into improvement. Although satire is usually meant to be funny, its greater purpose is often constructive social criticism, using wit as a weapon and as a tool to draw attention to both particular and wider issues in society.

Example: The movie "Starship Troopers" is a satire of fascism and fascist war propaganda. Likewise the movie "Sucker Punch" is a satire of the supposedly empowered female sex symbol in geek culture. Both address specific ideas and attempt to say something about them in a rather critical fashion.

Poe's law (named after its author Nathan Poe), says that an Internet adage reflecting an idea without a clear indication of the author's intent, makes it difficult or impossible to tell the difference between an expression of sincere extremism and a parody of extremism. I believe this is why satire is so difficult for people on the internet to grasp, because a lot of satire revolves around being seeped in a specific mindset that, while designed to mock or say something more about the given subject, is often seen at face value and the broader subtext is ignored.

Irony
The expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect.

Example:The Titanic was promoted as being unsinkable, but the ship sank on its maiden voyage.

Cynicism
An inclination to believe that people are motivated purely by self-interest; skepticism. An attitude of scornful or jaded negativity, especially a general distrust of the integrity or professed motives of others

Example: You can be cynical about the successfulness of the US Congress to actually achieve a goal.

Sarcasm
The use of language which, on the surface appear to be appropriate to the situation, but are meant to be taken as meaning the opposite in terms of face management. The distinctive quality of sarcasm is present in the spoken word and manifested chiefly by vocal inflections.

Example: Do I REALLY need to give you an example?
  • Mood: Bemused
  • Listening to: Escapist Podcats
  • Reading: Game of Thrones
  • Watching: Bob's Burgers
  • Playing: King Arthur's Gold
  • Eating: Hamburgers
  • Drinking: Earl Grey Tea
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:icondtjb:
DTJB Featured By Owner Nov 3, 2013  Hobbyist Digital Artist
So would Tarantino be an example of pastiche?
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:iconhorrisr34:
HorrisR34 Featured By Owner Oct 28, 2013
I almost feel like this was a somewhat subtle way of telling us all what satire was, by mixing it in with the rest. I mean, I enjoyed reading this, don't get me wrong, but the emphasis placed on satire kind of makes it seem like the main point. 
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:iconsteampunkedkat:
SteampunkedKAT Featured By Owner Oct 28, 2013
handy, thanks :)
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:iconzananos:
zananos Featured By Owner Oct 28, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
aaaand bookmarked XD
Reply
:iconyagamiyoshi:
YagamiYoshi Featured By Owner Oct 27, 2013  Hobbyist Writer
And now all the comments seem sarcastic...
Reply
:iconmaplestrip:
Maplestrip Featured By Owner Oct 27, 2013
Perhaps it should be important to note that parody is in no means hateful per se. Your description makes it sound as if parody is pure mockery, and I guess it is, but often you can make fun of something you love. The creators of Scary Movie must have loved the genre a lot, right?

You're description is not wrong, but seems lacking. Now I think of it, does that mean that something can be both parody and pastiche simultaneously?
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:icontompreston:
TomPreston Featured By Owner Oct 27, 2013  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Of course things can be more than one thing at a time!
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:iconmaplestrip:
Maplestrip Featured By Owner Oct 27, 2013
Hehe, I guess things are less black and white than definitions of words sometimes make them out to be. Thanks!
Reply
:iconpassin:
Passin Featured By Owner Oct 27, 2013
Noted
Reply
:iconsnowskeeper:
snowskeeper Featured By Owner Oct 27, 2013
Parody isn't necessarily a form of humour, or for that matter an attempt to trivialize or mock someone else's work. The term 'parody' is also used to describe something that parallels someone else's work, but that isn't a clone.
Reply
:iconj4b:
J4B Featured By Owner Oct 27, 2013  Hobbyist Digital Artist
These are actually quite useful. Thanks for writing this down.
Reply
:iconeatpraylove:
eatpraylove Featured By Owner Oct 27, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
This is why I love your journals. They're so informative! Thanks! :highfive:
Reply
:iconlolaferricks:
LolaFerricks Featured By Owner Oct 27, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
This is awesome! Thanks for that! :D
Reply
:iconbugeishakyasarin:
BugeishaKyasarin Featured By Owner Oct 27, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
I just learned about the concept of pastiche the other day when my friend was telling me about the Cassandra Clare Plagiarism Debacle. I had never heard of it and didn't even know she was the author of the Mortal Instruments series or a popular author in the Harry Potter fandom. So I Googled that and was pretty appalled by the examples of blatant plagiarism in her fan fiction. She said it was pastiche but she obviously copied dialogue and scenes word-for-word without crediting the original author. Pretty sure that's stealing, not an homage.
Reply
:iconparadigmlaboratories:
ParadigmLaboratories Featured By Owner Oct 27, 2013   Traditional Artist
Yeah, but J.K. Rowling did the same with the Harry Potter novels. Specifically the fourth one. 
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:iconbugeishakyasarin:
BugeishaKyasarin Featured By Owner Oct 27, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Oh yeah? Who did she plagiarize from?
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:iconparadigmlaboratories:
ParadigmLaboratories Featured By Owner Oct 27, 2013   Traditional Artist
I don't remember, All I know is that she settled.
Reply
:iconshippuden23:
Shippuden23 Featured By Owner Oct 27, 2013
I've never hear of pastiche until know :iconthemoreyouknowplz:
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:iconwhite-omega:
White-Omega Featured By Owner Oct 26, 2013
:I
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:icongoreloverd:
GoreLoverd Featured By Owner Oct 26, 2013  Hobbyist Writer
Lemme just write all this stuff down real quick.
Reply
:icondonkfur78:
donkfur78 Featured By Owner Oct 26, 2013  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Thanks for the education.
Reply
:icontheshadowstone:
TheShadowStone Featured By Owner Oct 26, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Noooo, that's totally not an example of sarcasm. It's also not like any of us were stupid and didn't know what a Pastiche was....

Right?
Reply
:iconhilbethjay:
HilBethJay Featured By Owner Oct 26, 2013  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
"Pastiche" sounds like a pastry for some reason.  What would a pastiche even taste like?
Reply
:iconfenrirthesilverwolf:
fenrirthesilverwolf Featured By Owner Oct 26, 2013
Like a stale donut. A bit hard to digest, but edible.
Reply
:iconanthro7:
Anthro7 Featured By Owner Oct 26, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Aha, rimshot. Nice.
Reply
:iconfenrirthesilverwolf:
fenrirthesilverwolf Featured By Owner Oct 26, 2013
Why, thank you.
Reply
:iconmouseanderson:
mouseanderson Featured By Owner Oct 26, 2013  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Shouldn't that be "Do I really need to give YOU an example" or would that be personal sarcasm ala Don Rickles.
Reply
:iconmagicwazard:
MagicWazard Featured By Owner Oct 26, 2013
"Sucker Punch" was a satire?  I didn't get that at all out of it, nor did anybody else I know that saw the movie, though I can see how that might have been the idea.  Perhaps the two different levels of meta-narrative kind of obfuscated the satire it was going for.

Good list, by the way.  I never really worked "pastiche" into my vocabulary before, but I will try to now. :)
Reply
:icontompreston:
TomPreston Featured By Owner Oct 26, 2013  Hobbyist Digital Artist
"You Are Wrong About Sucker Punch: Part 1 + 2"
www.youtube.com/watch?v=5gXir4…
www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ds7w5f…

These two videos both help explain how Suckerpunch is a satire.
Reply
:iconmagicwazard:
MagicWazard Featured By Owner Oct 26, 2013
To me it just came across as a contrived attempt to be "meta" in order to justify a whole bunch of disjointed action scenes that couldn't support an entire movie on their own.  Maybe I'll watch those vids eventually to see what kind of justification they had for the structure and design of the movie, but I doubt it's going to sway my opinion much.  Either way, thanks for letting me (us) know about that.
Reply
:iconartisticdid:
ArtisticDid Featured By Owner Oct 26, 2013
Funny how all those word are like exactly the same in French...  :
 Parodie , pastiche, satyre, Ironie, cynisme, sarcasme.
Reply
:iconredkitebait:
redkitebait Featured By Owner Oct 27, 2013  Student General Artist
Haha, yeah, but watch out, Satire with a 'y' means something completely different in french :D

Sorry, my literature teacher wouldnt shut up about that when i was studying for the bac, so it's sort of encrusted into my mindset >_<
Reply
:iconartisticdid:
ArtisticDid Featured By Owner Oct 27, 2013
Ah oui c'est vrai, j'avais oublié ...  :D (Big Grin)
Reply
:iconredkitebait:
redkitebait Featured By Owner Oct 28, 2013  Student General Artist
T'inquiète, on fait tous des erreurs XD
Reply
:iconpaintedcricket:
PaintedCricket Featured By Owner Oct 26, 2013  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Much of what I come up with will usually have sarcasm as the base with irony sauce and cynicism as garnish. 
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:iconriversongpond:
riversongpond Featured By Owner Oct 26, 2013  Hobbyist Writer
I like this..... May I copy paste this?
Reply
:icontompreston:
TomPreston Featured By Owner Oct 26, 2013  Hobbyist Digital Artist
by all means
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:iconriversongpond:
riversongpond Featured By Owner Oct 26, 2013  Hobbyist Writer
Thanks!
Reply
:iconthelavendercat:
thelavendercat Featured By Owner Oct 26, 2013
And now I know, and knowing is half the battle!
Reply
:iconnick4120:
NICK4120 Featured By Owner Oct 26, 2013
I need to watch Starship Troopers again... Everyone keeps telling me it's a satire.

So would you say that Far Cry 3 is not only a parody, but also a Pastiche? Can it be both?
Reply
:icontompreston:
TomPreston Featured By Owner Oct 26, 2013  Hobbyist Digital Artist
I would say Saint's Row is better example of a parody.
Reply
:iconnick4120:
NICK4120 Featured By Owner Oct 26, 2013
Which ones?
Do you mean the first two making fun of games like GTA?
Or the forth making fun of science fiction games?

I haven't really played any of them to be honest.
Reply
:icontompreston:
TomPreston Featured By Owner Oct 26, 2013  Hobbyist Digital Artist
the most recent one
Reply
:iconnick4120:
NICK4120 Featured By Owner Oct 26, 2013
Ah.
Reply
:iconsarialinde:
Sarialinde Featured By Owner Oct 26, 2013
But one hell of a fun game :D
Reply
:iconphoenix-firemage:
Phoenix-FireMage Featured By Owner Oct 26, 2013  Hobbyist Writer
Cool, I just learned a new word.
Reply
:iconshinypika23:
ShinyPika23 Featured By Owner Oct 26, 2013  Hobbyist Writer
It's so self-explanatory now...thank you, Andrew. I now fully understand the essence of a pastiche.
Reply
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